Introducing the distutils2 index crawlers06 juillet 2010, dans Technologie
I'm working for about a month for distutils2, even if I was being a bit busy (as I had some class courses and exams to work on)
I'll try do sum-up my general feelings here, and the work I've made so far. You can also find, if you're interested, my weekly summaries in a dedicated wiki page.
First, and it's a really important point, the GSoC is going very well, for me as for other students, at least from my perspective. It's a pleasure to work with such enthusiast people, as this make the global atmosphere very pleasant to live.
First of all, I've spent time to read the existing codebase, and to understand what we're going to do, and what's the rationale to do so.
It's really clear for me now: what we're building is the foundations of a packaging infrastructure in python. The fact is that many projects co-exists, and comes all with their good concepts. Distutils2 tries to take the interesting parts of all, and to provide it in the python standard libs, respecting the recently written PEP about packaging.
With distutils2, it will be simpler to make "things" compatible. So if you think about a new way to deal with distributions and packaging in python, you can use the Distutils2 APIs to do so.
My main task while working on distutils2 is to provide an installation and an un-installation command, as described in PEP 376. For this, I first need to get informations about the existing distributions (what's their version, name, metadata, dependencies, etc.)
The main index, you probably know and use, is PyPI. You can access it at http://pypi.python.org.
PyPI index crawling
There is two ways to get these informations from PyPI: using the simple API, or via xml-rpc calls.
A goal was to use the version specifiers defined inPEP 345 and to provides a way to sort the grabbed distributions depending our needs, to pick the version we want/need.
Using the simple API
The simple API is composed of HTML pages you can access at http://pypi.python.org/simple/.
Distribute and Setuptools already provides a crawler for that, but it deals with their internal mechanisms, and I found that the code was not so clear as I want, that's why I've preferred to pick up the good ideas, and some implementation details, plus re-thinking the global architecture.
The rules are simple: each project have a dedicated page, which allows us to get informations about:
- the distribution download locations (for some versions)
- homepage links
- some other useful informations, as the bugtracker address, for instance.
If you want to find all the distributions of the "EggsAndSpam" project, you could do the following (do not take so attention to the names here, as the API will probably change a bit):
``` sourceCode python
index = SimpleIndex() index.find("EggsAndSpam") [EggsAndSpam 1.1, EggsAndSpam 1.2, EggsAndSpam 1.3]
We also could use version specifiers: ``` sourceCode python >>> index.find("EggsAndSpam (< =1.2)") [EggsAndSpam 1.1, EggsAndSpam 1.2]
Internally, what's done here is the following:
- it process the http://pypi.python.org/simple/FooBar/ page, searching for download URLs.
- for each found distribution download URL, it creates an object, containing informations about the project name, the version and the URL where the archive remains.
- it sort the found distributions, using version numbers. The default behavior here is to prefer source distributions (over binary ones), and to rely on the last "final" distribution (rather than beta, alpha etc. ones)
So, nothing hard or difficult here.
We provides a bunch of other features, like relying on the new PyPI mirroring infrastructure or filter the found distributions by some criterias. If you're curious, please browse the distutils2 documentation.
We also can make some xmlrpc calls to retreive informations from PyPI. It's a really more reliable way to get informations from from the index (as it's just the index that provides the informations), but cost processes on the PyPI distant server.
For now, this way of querying the xmlrpc client is not available on Distutils2, as I'm working on it. The main pieces are already present (I'll reuse some work I've made from the SimpleIndex querying, and some code already set up), what I need to do is to provide a xml-rpc PyPI mock server, and that's on what I'm actually working on.
For now, I'm trying to follow the "documentation, then test, then code" path, and that seems to be really needed while working with a community. Code is hard to read/understand, compared to documentation, and it's easier to change.
While writing the simple index crawling work, I must have done this to avoid some changes on the API, and some loss of time.
Also, I've set up a schedule, and the goal is to be sure everything will be ready in time, for the end of the summer. (And now, I need to learn to follow schedules ...)